If you are having a baby in Barcelona there are some things you need for you postpartum and the legal/professional life.
How to register your baby’s birth in Barcelona?
During 2017 some hospital offer to register your baby directly in the hospital, so you don’t need to go to the “Registro Civil”. They will give you a document call Cuestionario para la Declaración de Nacimiento en el Registro Civil. Make your baby’s name is correct!! This document is signed by the doctor or the midwife that was with you during the delivery.
In case your hospital doesn’t offer this service you must register your baby at the local Civil Registry Office (Registro Civil) within eight days of the birth. You can go directly to Plaça del Duc de Medinaceli, 3. If your married only one of the parents needs to go, but if you are not married then both parents must attend the registry office
If you intend to apply for a non-Spanish passport for your baby, remember to ask for a full birth certificate (certificación literal). In addition to the documentation provided by the hospital, you must also bring any national insurance documents belonging to the parents and a marriage certificate, which must be officially translated into Spanish. Don’t forget to bring your passports and identity cards (and copies), in case they are required to verify your identity.
Maternity and paternity Leave: do you qualify?
Maternity benefits are paid by Seguridad Social, the Spanish Social Security System. To qualify have a maternity/paternity leave you must have paid contributions for at least 180 days in the last seven years if you are 26 or older with certain exceptions, for example, those aged 21–25 qualify in fewer days and women under 21 have no contribution period. Maternity benefits are also available to self-employed women, provided they are registered in the Spanish social security system for the self-employed. You apply through your local social security office, they will let you know which documents you need to fill, basically you need to bring the Birth Certificate, el “Libro de familia” (they will give it to you at el Registro)
Maternity and paternity leave can be taken part-time if an arrangement has been made with the employer ahead of the birth. In the case of patenity leave, a part-time day must be no less than 50 percent of the full-time workday. In the case of a birth (versus an adoption), the mother cannot avail of part-time maternity leave until after the mandatory six-week, full-time maternity leave period after the delivery.
Extended maternity leave is also available for women who cannot perform their job because it puts their pregnancy at risk. Extended benefits are also offered to breastfeeding mothers if their job prevents them to nurse.