Preguntas frecuentes de una embarazada

Preguntas frecuentes de una embarazada I

¿Hay algo que pueda hacerse para evitar las náuseas?

A las náuseas del embarazo se les llama « náuseas matutinas » porque suelen producirse sobretodo por la mañana, aunque pueden suceder en cualquier momento del día.

Un cuando más aparecen es por la mañana puedes probar tomando algo sólido antes de levantarte (una tostada, una galleta,…). Si suceden durante el resto del día se recomienda comer y beber pocas cantidades siempre, pero aumentando la frecuencia, y evitar alimentos grasos y bebidas lácteas que no suelen digerirse demasiado bien.

Me siento tan cansada que apenas puedo hacer nada, ¿cómo puedo luchar contra esta fatiga?

De ninguna manera, porque no debes luchar contra ella. Si te sientes cansada, tanto que apenas puedes hacer nada, no hagas nada. Tu cuerpo te está diciendo que necesita que descanses y que necesita que te muevas poco. Escúchale, hazle caso y poco a poco, a medida que el embarazo progrese, empezarás a notar más energía.

¿Puedo tomar medicamentos en el embarazo?

Por lo general, las embarazadas deben evitar cualquier medicación a menos que tu médico te indique lo contrario. Lo primero que debes tener en cuenta es que los fármacos pueden pasar al feto y afectar a su desarrollo, así que evita toda automedicación. Si te sientes enferma consulta con tu médico de cabecera

¿Puedo viajar en avión estando embarazada?

Otra de las dudas habituales que se plantean las madres es la de los viajes en avión. Los vuelos comerciales permiten viajar a las futuras mamás libremente hasta la semana 28 de embarazo, este es el límite que marcan muchas compañías para plantea

¿Y cuando llegue el bebé seré capaz de cuidarle?

¡Claro que sí! El miedo a no estar preparada es muy frecuente entre las madres primerizas, pero no te preocupes. La mayoría de cuidados que necesita un bebé son de sentido común y, además, hay que tener claro que la madre perfecta no existe. Para tu hijo siempre serás alguien maravilloso, con tus virtudes y tus defectos, así que no te agobies y disfruta de la experiencia de la maternidad.

Safe flying while pregnant

Safe flying while pregnant

If you are enjoying a healthy pregnancy, plane travel is likely to be safe.

The second trimester is probably the best time to fly. You’re likely to be over morning sickness. Later on, your expanding belly could make airport maneuvers more challenging.

Before booking, however, visit your doctor and describe the trip details. If your doctor clears you for flying, take some precautions before and during your flight to stay safe and healthy.

Check Policies: Air Carriers, Insurance Carriers

Airlines discourage travel after 36 weeks. Contact your carrier and ask about their policy for pregnant travelers. Ask if you will need a note from your doctor verifying your due date.

Check your health insurance plan, too. What happens if you need medical help or you deliver at your destination? Are you covered?

If you are traveling out of the country, see if you need a supplemental policy for coverage overseas. Consider buying medical evacuation insurance so you can be flown home for medical care, if necessary.

Get Cleared for Takeoff

A few weeks before your trip (or a few months, if you are traveling internationally), visit your doctor. It’s especially important to get cleared for takeoff if you have a chronic medical problem such as problems with breathing.

Ask about:

- Decompression stockings. Ask if you should wear them. No, they’re not fashionable. But they may help blood flow.

- Nausea remedies. If you’re prone to motion sickness, ask about a nausea remedy or acupressure bands. Little scientific evidence supports these bands. But some people find them helpful.

- Gas and diarrhea remedies. The increase in altitude on flights can cause intestinal gas to expand and cause discomfort. Avoid gassy foods before your flight. International travel may expose you to bacteria that can lead to diarrhea. Ask about a diarrhea remedy.

- Prenatal care. Depending upon the length of the trip, decide if you need to get some prenatal care at your destination. If so, figure out who will supply it.

- Destination medical care. Ask for suggestions about names of doctors and hospitals at your destination, just in case. Your doctor may know a colleague there or be able to make recommendations.

when do i feed my baby

When do I feed my baby: hunger cues

Babies should be fed when they indicate hunger. Crying is a late indicator of hunger – breastfeeding is much easier for both mom and baby if mom is able to pick up on baby’s earlier hunger cues.

Early Cues:

  • Smacking or licking lips
  • Opening and closing mouth
  • Sucking on the lips, tongue, hands, fingers, toes, toys, or clothing

Active Feeding Cues

  • Rooting around on the chest of whoever is carrying him
  • Trying to position for nursing, either by lying back or pulling on your clothes
  • Fidgeting or squirming around a lot
  • Hitting you on the arm or chest repeatedly
  • Fussing or breathing fast

Late Feeding Cues (calm baby before feeding)

  • Moving head frantically from side to side
  • Crying

Newborns should be nursed anytime they cue hunger

After the newborn period, hand sucking is not as reliable an indicator of hunger. Starting at around 6-8 weeks, baby will begin to gain more control over her hands and will soon begin to explore her hands and everything else using her mouth. It is also common for babies to suck on their hands when their gums become tender in preparation for tooth eruption. Symptoms of teething can sometimes occur weeks and even months before the first tooth erupts.

pregnant woman travel by plane

Can I travel during my pregnancy?

Wherever you go, find out what healthcare facilities are at your destination in case you require urgent medical attention. It’s a good idea to take your medical records with you so you can give doctors the relevant information if necessary.

Make sure your travel insurance covers you for any eventuality, such as pregnancy-related medical care during labour, premature birth, care of the baby and the cost of changing the date of your return trip if you go into labour.

Can I travel during my pregnancy?

Some women prefer not to travel in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy because of nausea and feeling very tired during these early stages.

Whether you’re travelling or not, the risk of miscarriage is higher in the first three months. While there’s no reason why you can’t travel at this time, if you have any worries discuss them with your midwife or doctor.

Travel within Australia by bus, car, train, or boat is usually not a problem as long as the woman is comfortable. When travelling long distances or overseas, it is wise to consult with your doctor, especially if your pregnancy is considered high-risk.

Air travel

Flying is usually not harmful to you or your baby, but discuss any health issues or pregnancy complications with your midwife or doctor before you fly.

The likelihood of going into labour is naturally higher after 37 weeks (around 34 weeks if you’re carrying twins), and some airlines will not let you fly towards the end of your pregnancy. Check with the airline for their policy on this.

After week 28 of pregnancy, the airline may ask for a letter from your doctor or midwife confirming your due date, and that you aren’t at risk of complications.

Long-distance travel (longer than five hours) carries a small risk of blood clots (deep vein thrombosis, or DVT). If you fly, drink plenty of water and move about regularly – every 30 minutes or so. You can buy a pair of support stockings in the pharmacy over the counter, which will reduce leg swelling.


Vaccines are not recommended because of concerns that the virus or bacteria in the jab could harm the baby in the womb.

However, it is safe for pregnant women to have influenza vaccine, which is strongly recommended for all pregnant women, as influenza in pregnancy can be a very serious illness.

You are generally advised to avoid travelling to countries where immunisation is required.

However, if you must travel to areas requiring vaccinations, you should discuss this with your doctor, as the risk of catching an infectious disease often outweighs the risk from vaccination.

Find out more about travelling to countries effected by the Zika virus.

Malaria Prevention

If travelling to a country or reigion that has a risk of malaria the usual advice is to take some anti malarial protection via a medication. Some anti-malaria tablets aren’t safe to take in pregnancy. You should consult your doctor for advice.

Car travel

Fatigue and dizziness are common during pregnancy so it’s important to drink regularly, eat natural, energy-giving foods (such as fruit and nuts) and stop regularly for a break. Keep the air circulating in the car and wear your seatbelt with the cross strap between your breasts and the lap strap across your pelvis under your bump, not across your bump.

Road accidents are among the most common causes of injury in pregnant women. Avoid making long trips on your own and share the driving with your companion.

Wearing a seatbelt

You need to wear a seatbelt when you are pregnant. Research shows that when you wear a seatbelt there is much less risk of injury to you and your unborn baby.

The law in Australia says that you have to use a seatbelt when you are pregnant – at every stage of your pregnancy.

You may worry that a seatbelt will hurt the baby or you may find it uncomfortable. However, a seatbelt that is worn properly does not put much pressure on your abdomen or your unborn baby.

There is a penalty for not wearing a seatbelt and you can be fined.

Food and drink

Take care to avoid food- and water-borne conditions, such as stomach upsets and diarrhoea. Some medicines for treating stomach upsets and diarrhoea aren’t suitable during pregnancy.

Always check if tap water is safe. If in doubt, drink bottled water. If you get ill, keep hydrated and continue eating for the health of your baby, even if you may not be hungry.

contraction Braxton hicks

What Do Braxton Hicks Contractions Feel Like?

Braxton Hicks (BH) contractions are “practice contractions” that tone the uterus in preparation for real labor. They don’t cause any changes to the cervix however, so they won’t cause premature labor and are totally normal and safe. In fact it’s actually a good thing if you’re having them, as it means your uterus is strong and practicing hard. Some women never notice Braxton Hicks contractions, particularly in their first pregnancy, so don’t be worried if you don’t feel them. Braxton Hicks occur randomly, but may also be caused by strenuous exercise, sex, orgasm, and dehydration.

Braxton Hicks contractions start out as mild tightening in the front of the uterus. They are felt higher in the stomach in contrast to something like menstrual cramps. Some women notice a contorted belly shape during a Braxton Hicks contraction. Others have noticed a tightening, and some difficulty breathing during a Braxton Hicks contraction.

These mild uterine contractions are irregular and last for about 30 seconds at a time. Most women won’t experience more than 1-2 per hour a few times each day. Later in pregnancy, the frequency may increase. If you’re experiencing Braxton Hicks contractions, you may notice: a tightening or hardening of the uterus light, dull cramping higher in your abdomen quick contractions, not longer than 30 seconds at a time, that don’t escalate any pain decreases in intensity with rest, fluids, or time.

In many cases, Braxton Hicks contractions are simply just another symptom of pregnancy, but there are some things that can increase the likelihood of experiencing Braxton Hicks: Dehydration Stress Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Strenuous Exercise. There is usually no low or deep pelvic aching or pain like in true labor and with menstrual cramps. If there is low pain associated with Braxton Hicks, it is not likely to wrap around the body like true labor contractions do. Braxton hicks contractions will slow down and disappear, especially with drinking water, changing position, and movement. True labor contractions won’t go away, will intensify in strength, and will become longer and closer together. Longer, stronger, and closer together usually suggests actual labor contractions.

Braxton Hicks vs. Real Contractions
Occur in the upper belly Occur lower and may wrap around the body
Don’t get longer Get longer
Don’t get stronger Get stronger
Don’t get closer together Get closer together
Subside with activity Do not subside with activity
Does not affect the cervix Affects the cervix

As noted, Braxton Hicks contractions are your body’s natural way of practicing for the big day. Even women who experience frequent Braxton Hicks contractions do not need to worry—these contractions are not harmful to mama or baby. If you’re uncomfortable, see below for some ideas to relieve some of the discomfort. And always call your doctor if you are concerned or experience what you think are real contractions.

What to Do if You’re Having Braxton Hicks Contractions? Practice! Just as your body is practicing for labor, you can use this time to practice tuning into your body, breathing, relaxing, and following the contraction from start to finish.

food to avoid during pregnancy

Foods To Avoid During Pregnancy

Eating well-balanced meals is important at all times, but it is even more essential when you are pregnant. There are essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that your developing baby needs. Most foods are safe; however, there are some foods that you should avoid during pregnancy.

Cravings are quite normal during pregnancy, thanks to the hormonal surge. But you cannot indulge in everything as you must have a balanced diet. While most foods could be safe to include in your daily menu, there are many that should not be had.Certain foods should only be consumed rarely, while others should be avoided completely.

Here a small list with the most important foods you should avoid meanwhile you are pregnant!

Foods To Avoid During Pregnancy

High mercury fish

Fish such as shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish have high mercury levels and must be shunned. Mercury, an element found in oceans, streams, and lakes, converts into methylmercury in the human body. It is a neurotoxin and is linked to brain damage and developmental delays in babies. You could choose fish such as salmon, catfish, cod, and canned light tuna, which have low mercury levels. According to the US FDA, you can eat up to eight to 12 ounces of fish per week, which is two to three servings. Consumption of white tuna (albacore) should be limited to six ounces per week

Undercook fish or raw fish or meat

Raw fish, especially shellfish, can cause several infections. These include norovirus, Vibrio, Salmonella, Listeria and parasites. Some of these infections only affect the mother, leaving her dehydrated and weak. Other infections may be passed on to the unborn baby with serious, or even fatal, consequences. Pregnant women are especially susceptible to Listeria infections. In fact, pregnant women are up to 20 times more likely to get infected by Listeria than the general population. This bacteria can be found in soil and contaminated water or plants. Raw fish can become infected during processing, including smoking or drying. Listeria can be passed to an unborn baby through the placenta, even if the mother is not showing any signs of illness. This can lead to premature delivery, miscarriage, stillbirth and other serious health problems . Pregnant women are therefore advised to avoid raw fish and shellfish. This includes many sushi dishes!


Higher amounts of caffeine could increase your chances of miscarriage and low birth weight babies.You should limit your intake to 200mg a day. Caffeine is also found in tea, chocolate, and many energy drinks. Some research studies reveal that caffeine is associated with premature birth and withdrawal symptoms in infants (18). Other drinks to avoid during pregnancy are soft drinks, diet soda, alcohol, and iced tea.


Unwashed Vegetables

The surface of unwashed or unpeeled fruits and vegetables may be contaminated with several bacteria and parasites . These include Toxoplasma, E. coli, Salmonella and Listeria, which can be acquired from the soil or through handling. Contamination can actually occur at any time during production, harvest, processing, storage, transportation or retail . Bacteria can harm both the mother and her unborn baby. One very dangerous parasite that may linger on fruits and vegetables is called Toxoplasma. The majority of people who get Toxoplasmosis have no symptoms, while others may feel as if they have the flu that lasts for a month or more. Most infants who are infected with Toxoplasma while still in the womb have no symptoms at birth. However, symptoms such as blindness or intellectual disabilities may develop later in life. What’s more, a small percentage of infected newborns have serious eye or brain damage at birth. While you’re pregnant, it’s very important to minimize the risk of infection by thoroughly rinsing, peeling or cooking fruits and vegetables.

Pain relieve for birth available in Barcelona Hospitals

Pain relieve for birth available in Barcelona Hospitals

Labour can be a really intense experience, strong and painful in some moments… Today we have several options for pain relive during birth. So today I will explain you want kind of pain relieve you have available in Barcelona Hospitals!

1. Self-help in labour

You’re likely to feel more relaxed in labour and better placed to cope with the pain if you: learn about labour, to know what is going to happen can make you feel more in control and less frightened about what’s going to happen. Also you can talk to your midwife or doctor, ask them questions, and go to antenatal classes learn how to relax, stay calm, and breathe deeply keep moving.

In my antenatal classes you will learn how your position can make a difference, so try kneeling, walking around, or rocking backwards and forwards bring a partner, friend or relative to support you during labour.

2. Gas and air (Entonox) for labour

It is available in some hospitals of the public system in Barcelona.

This is a mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide gas. Gas and air won’t remove all the pain, but it can help reduce it and make it more bearable. Many women like it because it’Modifier EN’t give you enough pain relief, you can ask for a painkilling injection as well.

3. Epidural

It is really common in Spain. An epidural is a special type of local anaesthetic. It numbs the nerves that carry the pain impulses from the birth canal to the brain. It shouldn’t make you sick or drowsy.

For most women, an epidural gives complete pain relief. It can be helpful for women who are having a long or particularly painful labour. An anaesthetist is the only person who can give an epidural, so it won’t be available at home.

How much you can move your legs after en epidural depends on the local anaesthetic used. Some units offer « mobile » epidurals, which means you can walk around. However, this also requires the baby’s heart rate to be monitored remotely (by telemetry) and many units don’t have the equipment to do this. Ask your midwife if mobile epidural is available in your local unit. An epidural can provide very good pain relief, but it’s not always 100% effective in labour.

4. Water during labour

Being in water can help you relax and make the contractions seem less painful. Ask if you can have a bath or use a birth pool. You can find a birth pool in Maternitat and Sant Joan de Deu. The water will be kept at a comfortable temperature, but not above 37.5C, and your temperature will be monitored.

doula skype

Doula Skype

A veces cuando llega el gran momento del embarazo nos encontramos lejos de los nuestros: puedes ser que por trabajo o por diversas decisiones te encuentres lejos de la familia. Para todos los que estáis lejos he querido crear un plan que os haga más fácil el momento del embarazo y el parto: he creado la opción de disponer de consulta doula por skype.

Para ello os ofrezco diversas opciones:

Doula Skype

* Consultas puntuales sobre embarazo, canastilla, parto…

* Cursos online prenatales adaptados 100% a vuestra necesidades

* Consultas sobre lactancia

* Consultas sobre porteo

En todos los casos son sesiones 1 a 1 en las que estaré 100% disponible para vosotros.

Si queréis saber cómo funciona podéis escribirme a

how to get pregnant

Tips to get pregnant

Your biological alarm clock has gone off, you’re tracking your menstrual cycle, maybe you’ve had a preliminary checkup with your doctor. (You might even be secretly buying baby magazines!) We’ve scoured the latest research and fertility advice to compile this big list of ‘getting pregnant tips’ to help you out.


If you’re wondering how to increase your chances of getting pregnant fast, self-care can go a long way. It’s no secret your body goes through some major changes and challenges during pregnancy and delivery, so be sure to start off your pregnancy journey in tip-top shape by taking important steps toward a healthy lifestyle. Here, we’ve outlined some simple health tips for getting pregnant to follow.

See your doctor and dentist Your ob-gyn (or midwife) can talk to you about your overall health and suggest any necessary lifestyle changes to help you get pregnant fast. You’ll also want to discuss any family history of infertility with your doctor, since some fertility issues may be hereditary. And don’t forget to pay your dentist a visit! Gum disease has been linked to underweight and premature babies. Not only that, pregnancy is notoriously tough on teeth and gums. Your dentist can make sure your oral hygiene is in good standing before you get pregnant.

Start taking prenatal vitamins It’s never too early to start taking prenatal vitamins. Among other important nutrients, they contain folic acid, which numerous studies have found to be critically important for baby at every stage of development—it helps promote ovulation, encourages fertilization and support early embryo survival, says Audrey Gaskins, ScD, an instructor of nutrition and dietetics at Harvard Medical School. Your ob-gyn can prescribe a prenatal vitamin or offer recommendations for some good over-the-counter options. Foods like strawberries, spinach, beans and orange juice are also naturally high in folate.


Knowing when you’re going to ovulate—and therefore when you’re most fertile—is key to how to get pregnant fast. Nailing down the timing isn’t always easy, but luckily there are several ways to track your ovulation. Learn when ovulation happens It’s a good idea to understand the basics of how ovulation works so you can monitor your body for signs and symptoms. It’s a common misconception that ovulation always occurs on the 14th day after your period starts, but that only happens if your menstrual cycle is consistent and 28 days long. Every woman’s cycle is different. Depending on how long your cycle is, ovulation can actually happen between 11 to 21 days after the first day of your last period (or even earlier or later, if you have a particularly short or long cycle). But while the timing of ovulation depends on the woman’s unique cycle, all healthy women will get their periods 12 to 14 days after ovulation.

Recognize ovulation symptoms An app can crunch the numbers and give you likelihoods, but one of the simplest ways to get pregnant is to listen to your body and watch for symptoms of ovulation. You may have just one or two, or you may have several of the following signs:

  • Light spotting
  • Clear, stretchy cervical mucus
  • Increased libido
  • Breast sensitivity and tenderness
  • Heightened sense of taste, sight or smell
  • Bloating Change in cervical firmness and position (it’ll feel softer, higher and more open)
  • A sudden and sustained increase in your basal body temperature
music birth

Should I Bring Music for Labor?

When you’re planning a celebration, a party or a wedding, at some point consideration is usually given to the music that will enhance the event. Increasingly people use their ipods to break up long journeys, and friends who have run marathons say that music ‘got them through’. In the same way it’s worth thinking about the benefits that music can bring to labour and birth and the ways in which it can help you on your big day. And in fact a recent study conducted with a group of Taiwanese first-time mothers suggests music can decrease pain in labour.

People’s musical tastes vary widely but most of us have favourite tunes which energise, relax or just lift our mood. All of these can be useful in labour. Trials show that music can lower perception of pain, help to regulate heart rate and breathing, reducing the amount of morphine type drugs needed. Music can also reduce anxiety which in turn can help you feel calm and in control.

Something familiar

In addition to this your own familiar tunes can help to personalise the birth space, set the tone and make the room feel like your own. These familiar tunes can stimulate endorphins and hormones which are helpful in labour acting as natural pain relief especially in the early stages of labour.

Something to relax you

Perhaps when you plan what music to pack you might think about what you would want to listen to on a long journey to pass the time; this could be helpful for the early stages of labour. Identify what music makes you feel comfortable and relaxed, some chill out music may help as labour progresses.

Something that makes you dance

Alternatively, what makes you dance? Although you may not be bopping your way through the birth, staying mobile can certainly help progress in labour, so it may be that music motivates you to stay off the bed and keep swaying, stomping or whatever else feels right at the time.

The findings of the study made in Taiwan support the value of offering music to women during the latent phase of labour to assist in reducing pain levels and lessening anxiety. Music lacks the harmful side-effects of pharmaceutical pain relief measures, and is simple to administer and control making it a relative simple practice to support in hospital settings. But of course… It depends on you! For your birth, you should think about what makes you happy and calm. If you like silence when you’re stressed, then maybe music isn’t the right choice for you. But the wonderful thing about using music as an intervention is that if it doesn’t feel right at the time, you can simply turn it off. How many things can you say that about?